Research

Publications

The Contribution of the Foundation Phase to Physical Literacy.

Nalda Wainwright PHD

A three year mixed methods study has explored the contribution of the Welsh Foundation Phase to children’s Physical Literacy. The Foundation Phase is a play based curriculum that has an emphasis on the use of the outdoors as an integral part of pupil’s learning.

The study looked at many different aspects of the curriculum and its impact.

  1. The interpretation and implementation of the Foundation Phase. This phase of the study identified the main aim of the Foundation Phase and its key features as well as outcomes that were assessed in later phases.
  2. Motor development of pupils, in particular looking at locomotor and object control skills.
  3. Physical Literacy development, focussing on confidence, motivation and physical competence of the pupils and how the playful pedagogy of the Foundation Phase approach contributes to pupils’ holistic well being.
  4. The autonomy supportive climate created by the playful pedagogy and its contribution to learning.
  5. Fidelity of implementation of the Foundation Phase curriculum.

Publications and conference presentations for this research.

High Intensity Training and the Older Population.

Peter Herbert PhD

This research examined the effects of a 6 week High Intensity Interval training programme in aging men (+60).

This world leading study has had over 26 peer reviewed publications and presentations on aspects of muscle power, recovery, quality of life and motivation to exercise, peak power, body composition and testosterone levels. For a full list of the publications follow the link here.

Injury Reduction Strategies.

Kate Evans DProf (c)

This research is aimed at injury reduction initially with a focus on Rugby Union. Kate has a special interest in concussion, lumbar and pelvic hip injuries. The research study involves working with professional rugby players to put in place injury prevention strategies in order to maximise squad availability and team success.

Publications and conference presentations for this research.

Successful Kinesthetic Instruction for Preschoolers (SKIP)

Nalda Wainwright PHD

This research is studying  the impact of a 10 week SKIP programme in schools in West Wales. Research carried out by the institute found that the Foundation Phase has a significant impact on pupils motor development, but this is attributed to progress in locomotor skills and not object control skills. This project will assess whether a structured programme for motor skill development can impact on object control and locomotor skills. It will assess whether the results are similar in Wales to those of previous studies in the USA.

Publications and conference presentations for this research.

Factors Influencing Behaviour Change in Relation to Engagement in Outdoor Fitness Activities

Associate Professor Andy Williams PHD

This research is studying  the factors that have resulted in a growth in popularity in outdoor fitness activities such as triathlon, cyclo-sportifs, all terrain events and open water swimming in West Wales.

Knowles A, Herbert P, Sculthorpe N, Easton C & Grace F (2015). Impact of low volume, high intensity interval training on maximal aerobic capacity, health-related quality of life and motivation to exercise in ageing men. AGE 37(2): 1-12.

Herbert P, Grace FM & Sculthorpe N (2015). Exercising caution: prolonged recovery to a single session of high-intensity interval training in older men. Journal of the American Gerontology Society 63(4): 817-818.

Herbert P, Sculthorpe N, Baker J & Grace FM (2015). Validation of a six-second cycle test for the determination of peak power. Research in Sports Medicine 27:1-11 [Epub ahead of print]

Grace FM, Herbert P, Ratcliffe J, New K, Baker J & Sculthorpe N (2015). Age related vascular endothelial function following lifelong sedentariness: positive impact of cardiovascular conditioning without further improvement following low frequency high intensity interval training. Physiological Reports 3, e12234.

Hayes L, Sculthorpe N, Herbert P, Baker J, Hullin D, Kilduff L, Reed D, Spagna R & Grace FM. (2014). Salivary testosterone measurement does not identify biochemical hypogonadism in aging men: a ROC analysis. Endocrine, 1-4.

Hayes L, Grace F, Sculthorpe N, Herbert P, Kilduff L & Baker J. (2013). Does chronic exercise attenuate age-related physiological decline in males? Research in Sports Medicine 21, 343-354.

Hayes LD, Sculthorpe N, Herbert P, Baker JS, Spagna R, Grace FM (2015). Six weeks of conditioning exercise increases total, but not free testosterone in lifelong sedentary aging men. Aging Male, Jun 1:1-6. [Epub ahead of print].

Sculthorpe N, Herbert P, Grace FM (2015). Low Frequency High intensity interval training (HIIT) is an effective method to improve muscle power in lifelong sedentary ageing men: a randomized controlled trial (RCT). Journal of American Gerontology Society [In Press].

Hayes L, Sculthorpe N, Herbert P, Baker J, Hullin D, Kilduff L & Grace FM. (2015). Resting steroid hormone concentrations in lifetime exercisers and lifetime sedentary males. The Aging Male, 18(1): 22-26.

Hayes L, Grace FM, Sculthorpe N, Herbert P, Ratcliffe J, Kilduff L & Baker J. (2013). The effects of a formal exercise training programme on salivary hormone concentrations and body composition in previously sedentary aging men. Springerplus 2, 1-5.

Williams, A. and Wainwright, N. (2014) A new pedagogical model for adventure in the curriculum: Part 1 – advocating for the model. Journal of Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy. DOI:10.1080/17408989.2015.104821.

Williams, A. and Wainwright, N. (2014) A new pedagogical model for adventure in the curriculum: Part 2 – outlining the model. Journal of Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy . DOI:10.1080/17408989.2015.104822.

Williams, A. and Wainwright, N. (2013) Professional development for adventurous activities in Wales. Welsh Jnl of Education (accepted for publication in October 2014)

 Wainwright, N. (2013) Physical Literacy in the Foundation Phase in Wales. Journal of Sport Science and Physical Education, ICSSPE Bulletin 65 Special Feature Physical Literacy.

Williams, A. and Wainwright, N. (2012), Changing times for outdoor learning in Wales – Outdoor Learning Cards, Adventurous Activities and Physical Education Horizons July 2012

Wainwright, N. and Williams, A. (2012) “Miss that’s the best PE lesson we’ve ever had and we couldn’t see for most of it.” Adventurous Activities and Physical Education in Wales. Physical Education Matters, summer, Vol 7 (2), 51 – 54, 2012.

Lavin, J. Wainwright, N. et al. (2011). ‘Children’s Primary Physical Education in the United Kingdom- A post code lottery? In Primary Physical Education Matters vol.6 no.1

Wainwright, N. (2006) ‘Accessing Learning through Effective Physical Education’ In Primary Physical Education Matters vol. 1 no. 3.

Sculthorpe N, Herbert P & Grace FM. (2015). Low frequency HIIT improves peak power and body composition in sedentary healthy older men. American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) annual conference, San Diego, CA, 26th-30th May 2015.

Herbert P, Sculthorpe N, Baker JS & Grace FM. (2015). Validation of a 6 second cycle test for the determination of Peak Power Output (PPO) using the Wattbike cycle ergometer. American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) annual conference, San Diego, CA, 26th-30th May 2015.

Hayes LD, Sculthorpe N, Herbert P & Grace FM. (2015). Resting steroid hormone concentrations in lifetime exercisers and lifetime sedentary males. American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) annual conference, San Diego, CA, 26th-30th May 2015.

Grace FM, Herbert P & Sculthorpe N. (2015). Prolonged recovery to a single bout of high intensity exercise in ageing men. American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) annual conference, San Diego, CA, 26th-30th May 2015.

Grace FM, Herbert P, Ratcliffe JWT, Kilduff L, Hullin D, Hayes L Baker JS & Sculthorpe N. (2014). Effects of Subsequent High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) on Resting Testosterone and IGF-1 in Ageing Males. American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) annual conference, Orlando FL May 27th -31st.

Herbert P, Sculthorpe N, Ratcliffe JWT, Baker JS & Grace FM. (2014). Effects of Subsequent High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) on Balance, Flexibility and Power in Ageing Males. American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) annual conference, Orlando FL May 27th -31st.

Ratcliffe JWT, Sculthorpe N, Herbert P, Kilduff L, Hullin D, Hayes L Baker JS New K & Grace FM. (2014). Effects of Subsequent High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) on Vascular Function and CV Risk in Aged Males. American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) annual conference, Orlando FL May 27th -31st.

Sculthorpe N, Ratcliffe JWT, Herbert P, Kilduff L, Hullin D, Hayes L Baker JS New K & Grace FM. (2014). Effects Of Subsequent High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) On L-arginine, Dimethyarginines (ADMA;SDMA) And Their Ratios In Ageing Males. American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) annual conference, Orlando FL May 27th -31st.

Dugdale HF, Raal-Nunes M, Herbert P, Sculthorpe N, Grace FM, Brown WM. Facial symmetry predicts physical fitness in older men: The role of DNA methylation in the paired box 3 (PAX3) gene. BASES student conference, Cardiff Metropolitan University 26-28th March 2013.

Herbert P, Ratcliffe J, Sculthorpe N, Baker, J, Richards, J and Grace FM. The effects of a 6 week ACSM intervention on aerobic fitness in sedentary older men. European College of Sport Science annual conference, Barcelona 26-29th June 2013.

Ratcliffe J, Sculthorpe N, Herbert P, Baker J, Richards J, New K and Grace FM. The effects of 6 week ACSM intervention on standard cardiovascular measurements in sedentary older men. European College of Sport Science annual conference, Barcelona 26-29th June 2013.

Hayes L, Grace FM, Sculthorpe N, Herbert P, Ratcliffe J, Kilduff L and Baker JS. The Effects of a Formal Exercise Training Programme on Hormone Concentrations and Body Composition in Previously Sedentary Aging Men. European College of Sport Science annual conference, Barcelona 26-29th June 2013.

Herbert P, Grace FM, Ratcliffe J, Baker J, Richards J and Sculthorpe N. The effects of a 6 week ACSM intervention on measures of power output in sedentary older men. European College of Sport Science annual conference, Barcelona 26-29th June 2013.

Herbert P, Sculthorpe N, Ratcliffe J, Baker J, Richards, J and Grace FM. (2013). The effects of a 6 week ACSM exercise intervention on body composition in sedentary older men. European College of Sport Science annual conference, Barcelona 26-29th June.

Hayes L, Grace FM, Sculthorpe N, Herbert P, Ratcliffe J, Kilduff L, & Baker J. (2013). The Effects of a Formal Exercise Training Programme on Hormone Concentrations and Body Composition in Previously Sedentary Aging Men. European College of Sport Science annual conference, Barcelona 26-29th June.

Brown WM, Raal-Nunes M, Dugdale HF, Ross A, Sully T, Herbert P, Sculthorpe N and Grace FM. (2013) Symmetry predicts physical fitness in older men: The role of DNA methylation in the paired box 3 (PAX3) gene. International Ethological Conference (IEC), Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour, Newcastle, UK, 4-8th August.

Wainwright, N., Goodway, J. Whitehead, M., Williams, A., Kirk, D. (2014) A Study of the interpretation and implementation of the Foundation Phase in Wales and its contribution to physical literacy. International Physical Literacy conference Vancouver June 2015.

Wainwright, N. Goodway, J. Whitehead, M. Williams, A. Kirk, D. (2014) Examining the impact of the Foundation Phase on children’s motor development and physical activity. British Educational Research Association Annual Conference, September 23rd 2014.

Wainwright, N., Whitehead, M., Williams, A., Kirk, D. (2014) A Study of the interpretation and implementation of the Foundation Phase in Wales. PESS regional Share and Inspire conference June 19th 2014  

Wainwright, N., Whitehead, M., Williams, A., Kirk, D. (2014) A Study of the interpretation and implementation of the Foundation Phase in Wales. IPLA Charting Progress Workshops Bedford June 6th 2014

Wainwright, N., Whitehead, M., Williams, A., Kirk, D. (2013) A Study of the interpretation and implementation of the Foundation Phase in Wales. The 2nd International Physical Literacy Conference,